FOOD GLOSSARY - Cafe Brulot to Canape

CAFÉ BRULOT, CAFÉ DIABLE, CAFÉ DIABOLIQUE (French):  These names refer to various ways of preparing black coffee with spices and orange peel, served with flaming brandy, demitasse. Brulot is the New Orleans version, prepared with ceremony in a special bowl at the dining table.

CAFÉ NOIR (French):  Black coffee; after-dinner coffee.

CAFFÉ (Italian):  Coffee; caffé latte: coffee and milk, usually half and half for breakfast; caffé espresso: Italian coffee made in a special machine in which steam under pressure is forced through coffee.

CAFFEINE:  An alkaloid that is present in coffee, tea, and cola drinks. It is a mild stimulant that some people think of as the element in coffee that keeps them awake. Also spelled caffein.

CAISSE (French):  Case; en caisse: Served in a case.

CALAS :  New Orleans hot rice fritters.

CALAVO :  Trade name for California-grown avocados. See Avocado.

CALORIE :  A calorie is a unit of heat, or energy, generated in the body by food, used to measure the amount of heat, or energy, required by the body at different ages and under various conditions. If you eat more in total calories for the day than the body needs, it's stored as fat. By counting calories, dieters can and should eat well balanced meals - and still lose or gain weight. To lose weight, dieters avoid the high calorie foods (examples are fudge and frosted cakes) or take a tiny piece, and eat lots of low calorie foods (examples are green vegetables and cottage cheese) because low calorie foods are low in their heat (or energy) production. If you splurge on a main dish with a high calorie content, then you compensate with low calorie vegetables and dessert. And vice versa. But remember, watch the "nibbles." Those extras mount up quickly and alone can account for a large percentage of your calorie quota.

HOW TO ESTIMATE YOUR CALORIE NEEDS

Dieters should know the number of calories the body needs just to keep in top physical condition
.
1. Estimate your "ideal" weight for height and build. Weight charts are usually for the average person. Large-boned people may top this average by 10 to 20 percent; slender-boned people fall under it.
2. Multiply your "ideal" weight by 15. Your body needs 15 to 20 calories per pound per day.
3. In order to lose weight, reduce the answer above by one-third. In order to gain, in most cases add one-third. The result is your calorie quota for one day.
4. Divide your total for your three meals.

CANAPÉ (French):  Originally it meant a couch or sofa. A piece of plain, fried, or toasted bread or a cracker topped with a savory mixture or other well seasoned food. It's an appetizer to be eaten with the fingers.

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