CUTS OF BEEF DESCRIPTION - English Cut to Round

ENGLISH CUT:   (Also known as: Boston cut/bread & butter/boneless English cut) An English roast is a cut of beef taken from the shoulder. It is a cut traditionally roasted for Sunday dinner in England. Beef shoulder is the same as beef chuck.

FLANK STEAK:   (Also known as: London broil/cube steak/minute steak/flank steak filet/Swiss steak) The flank steak, also known as bavette, is a beef steak cut from the abdominal muscles of the cow. A relatively long and flat cut of meat, flank steak is used in a variety of dishes including London broil and fajitas. It is significantly tougher than the other beef cuts; therefore, many recipes use moist cooking methods such as braising. Mexico's version of the flank steak has gained fame throughout Latin America. It originates in the city of Monterrey and is known as arrachera in Mexican cuisine. It may be tenderized by using commercial tenderizers, or by mechanical tenderizing, using a method to create an even cut. A different version of the arrachera is known as entraña, the difference being that the latter retains a thick layer of the fat surrounding the muscle, making it a juicier and saltier steak. The French are quite partial to this cut, known as bavette. It is quickly seared in a hot pan and eaten rare. Bavette is frequently served in Parisian bistros with shallots - "Bavette a l'échalote". The cut is also popular in Colombia, where it is known as sobrebarriga, literally meaning "over the belly". Flank steak is best when it has a bright red color. Because it comes from a strong, well-exercised part of the cow, it is best prepared when cut across the grain.

FORE SHANK:   (Also known as: shin/fore shin/shank) The beef shank is the shank (or leg) portion of a steer or heifer. In Britain the corresponding cuts of beef are the shin (the foreshank), and the leg (the hindshank). Due to the constant use of this muscle by the animal it tends to be tough, dry, and sinewy, so is best when cooked for a long time in moist heat. It is an ideal cut to use for beef bourguignon. As it is very lean, it is widely used to prepare very low-fat ground beef. Due to its lack of sales, it is not often seen in shops. Although, if found in retail, it is very cheap and a low-cost ingredient for beef stock. Beef shank is a common ingredient in soups.

HEEL OF ROUND:   (Also known as: pike's peak/diamond wedge/gooseneck/horseshoe/upper round/lower round/Jew daube/Denver pot roast) Heel roast, also known as heel of round, isn't a cut of meat that you often find in the grocery store because it is often reserved after butchering to make beef stock or for use as stew meat. However, if you can find it, you can braise it as a pot roast. Heel of round is a very flavorful roast that is tougher than many of the other beef cuts because of its location: above the heel on the cow.

LOIN STRIP STEAK:   (Also known as: top loin steak/sirloin steak/boneless sirloin steak/New York steak/Kansas City steak/club steak/Delmonico steak/shell steak/strip steak/boneless top sirloin steak/boneless hotel steak/boneless hip steak/minute sirloin steak/key strip steak)The strip steak is a type of cut of beef steaks. Internationally it is called a club steak. In the United States and Canada it is also known as New York strip, strip loin, shell steak, or Kansas City strip steak, In Australia it is known as a porterhouse steak or boneless sirloin. Cut from the short loin, the strip steak consists of a muscle that does little work, and so it is particularly tender, though not as tender as the nearby rib eye or tenderloin (fat content of the strip is somewhere between these two cuts). Unlike the nearby tenderloin, the short loin is a sizable muscle, allowing it to be cut into the larger portions. When still attached to the bone, and with a piece of the tenderloin also included, the strip steak becomes a T-bone steak or a Porterhouse steak, the difference being that the Porterhouse has a larger portion of tenderloin included. The strip steak can be sold with or without the bone. Strip steaks can be substituted for most recipes calling for T-bone and porterhouse steaks, and sometimes for fillet and rib eye steaks.

PORTERHOUSE STEAK:   (Also known as: T-bone steak/large T-bone steak/tenderloin steak/king steak)The Porterhouse is a crosscut beefsteak containing part of the tenderloin and part of the top loin, which are separated from each other with a "T" shaped bone. It is similar to a T-bone steak except that it is thicker and the proportion of the tenderloin to the top loin is greater. However, this steak is often cut into two different steaks with the largest portion being served as a New York strip and the smaller piece as a tenderloin. The flavor and tenderness of the steak is enhanced with grilling, broiling, sautéing, or pan-frying.

RIB EYE STEAK:   (Also known as: market steak/spencer steak/beauty steak/Delmonico steak/boneless Delmonico steak/center cut steak/boneless rib steak/club steak/boneless club steak/boneless rib club steak/country club steak/regular roll steak) The Rib-Eye is cut from the roast that sits at the top of the rib primal. As a roast is known as a standing rib roast or, more commonly, Prime Rib (though technically only if it is prime grade beef). The Rib-Eye is a boneless cut. When the bone is attached it is called a Rib Steak. Because of excellent marbling in the meat of this cut it is loaded with flavor and remains tender during cooking.

ROUND:   (Also known as: bucket steak/top round/bottom round/eye of round/full cut round/Swiss steak) A round steak is a steak from the round primal cut of beef. Specifically, a round steak is the eye (of) round, bottom round, and top round still connected, with or without the "round" bone (femur), and may include the knuckle (sirloin tip), depending on how the round is separated from the loin. This is a lean cut and it is moderately tough. Lack of fat and marbling makes round dry out when cooked with dry-heat cooking methods like roasting or grilling. Round steak is commonly prepared with slow moist-heat methods including braising, to tenderize the meat and maintain moisture. The cut is often sliced thin, then dried or smoked at low temperature to make jerky.

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